Capital market goes on full lock-down over Coronavirus
The primary and secondary segments of the capital market will from today operate on a full remote basis with all trading, applications, processing and other filings to be conducted electronically using dedicated channels.
The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) will today shut its trading floors across the country and move all its trading and regulatory operations to electronic platforms. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) yesterday issued a circular directing all capital market operators to file all returns and applications through electronic channels while cancelling all physical meetings and functions.
As the pandemic Coronavirus continued to spread and several new cases confirmed in Nigeria, both SEC and NSE stated that the cancellation of physical transactions and meetings was in line with their mandates to protect the market and in line with national emergency.
They said adequate measures have been put in place to ensure that the capital market continued to operate without hindrance during the lockdown period.
SEC stated that Covid-19 has created a degree of uncertainty and anxiety worldwide, as governments and health experts attempt to curtail the proliferation of the virus noting that the World Health Organisation (WHO) had warned that given Africa’s fragile health systems, the threat posed by Covid-19 in the continent is considerable.
According to SEC, its regulatory response to Covid-19 is focused on ensuring the continuity of its operations, monitoring market functions and systemic risk, providing regulatory flexibility and guidance to issuers, trading platforms, capital market operators and other stakeholders impacted by Covid-19 and continuation of investor protection efforts and relevant enforcement actions.
Under the market-focused adjustments adopted by SEC as interim in response to the effects of Covid-19, filing of all applications, for the time being, shall be made electronically to dedicated email addresses, fresh applications for registration of capital market operators have been suspended until further notice while pending applications and requests by operators for update of information would be processed online and all returns shall be filed electronically through dedicated email addresses.
Also, SEC approved a 60-day extension, in the first instance for public companies and capital market operators to file their 2019 annual reports and first quarter 2020 reports. The first Capital Market Committee (CMC) meeting in 2020 scheduled to hold on April 23, 2020, and all other meetings have been postponed indefinitely.
“It is important to note that the foregoing guidelines are not exhaustive, but rather represent an outline of immediate actions the Commission considers necessary to sustain the actualisation of its regulatory mandate and maintain the integrity of the Nigerian capital market during this challenging period. Accordingly, the Commission will continue to issue updates to market stakeholders as appropriate. The Commission will also continue to closely coordinate with other financial regulators and governmental authorities,” SEC stated.
As the NSE shuts down its trading floors today, stockbrokers have allayed any fears of disruptions to trading activities noting that most stockbrokers had for several years been operating remote trading platforms.
Chairman, Association of Securities Dealing Houses of Nigeria (ASHON), Chief Onyenwechukwu Ezeagu, said stockbrokers are fully prepared for full remote trading noting that most stockbrokers have since the implementation of minimum operating standard (MOS) been trading remotely on real time basis either through X-GEN or FIX-Protocol.
“This has been part of business continuity plan (BCP) of the NSE and SEC for dealing member firms and this has been put in place since 2015. Consequently, the closure of the NSE trading floor will in no way adversely affect stockbrokers’ ability to trade on behalf of themselves and their clients. Over 90 per cent of all dealing member firms have information and communication technology (ICT) remote access capabilities,” Ezeagu said.
He pointed out that physical trading floors are becoming outdated giving way to virtual floors as technology has brought disruptive innovations in the way and manner businesses are carried on in this modern time.
Chief Executive Officer, Sofunix Investment and Communications Limited, Mr. Sola Oni, noted that remote trading by NSE dated back to over two decades as it had become part of the system after the commencement of Automated Trading System (ATS).
“Most stockbrokers have been trading remotely over the years. This explains why attendance is usually scanty on the Exchange. The current situation has no negative impact as many of the dealing member houses are already used to it,” Oni said.
On whether full remote trading will impact on volume and price discovery, Oni said remote trading is similar to trading on the floor and it will have no negative impact on volume and price discovery.
“The basic difference between remote trading and floor trading is physical presence and non-physical presence. Many years ago, some people suggested cancellation of trading floor but the Exchange maintained that it is important to encourage those who prefer to come to the floor as this enhances interaction. The floor also is symbolic. Both floor and remote traders use the same machines. The Exchange has come a long way in deployment of information technology for transaction. One can trade remotely from anywhere in the country and even outside the country,” Oni said.
The NSE had indicated that it would close all its trading floors with effect from today as part of a 30-day emergency response plan to the continuing spread of Covid-19.